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The ABCs of Diabetes

Do you know the ABCs of Diabetes?

Diabetes Management

Diabetes Risks
Source: Infographic (PDF)

ABCs of Diabetes

You can lead a healthy life with Diabetes. Managing your diabetes is the key to lowering your risks of having a heart attack, stroke or other diabetes related health problems.

Start by knowing the ABCs of diabetes. Talk to your doctor about how to manage your A1C (blood glucose or sugar), Blood pressure, and Cholesterol. Here’s what the ABC stand for:

A is for A1C test

The A1C Test, which is short for hemoglobin A1C. This is a blood test that done at your doctor’s office. It shows what your blood glucose (blood sugar) has been over the last three months. It lets you and your doctor know if your blood sugar is under control. The A1C goal for many people is below 7. Check with your doctor what your levels should be and how often you need to get this done. High blood sugar levels can harm your heart and blood vessels, kidneys, feet, and eyes.

B for Blood pressure

The blood pressure goal for most people with diabetes is below 140/90. It may be different for you. The higher your blood pressure, the harder your heart has to work. Ask your doctor what your goal should be. Make sure to have your blood pressure measured at every doctor's visit.

C for Cholesterol

Your cholesterol numbers tell you about the amount of fat in your body. There are two kinds of cholesterol in your blood. LDL or "bad" cholesterol can build up and clog your arteries. This can cause a heart attack or a stroke. HDL or "good" cholesterol help protect your heart by removing bad cholesterol from your arteries. Ask your doctor what your cholesterol numbers should be.

3 Questions to ask your health care team:

  • What your A1C, blood pressure, and Cholesterol numbers are?
  • What your ABC numbers should be?
  • What you can do to reach your targets?

Actions you could take to lower your risk of diabetes complications:

  • Move more every day
  • Eat less fat and salt
  • Stop smoking
  • Stay at a healthy weight
  • Take your medicines as prescribed

Take control of the ABCs of diabetes and live a long and healthy life.

Diabetes-Friendly Recipes

Jalapeño Chicken and Corn Chowder - A hearty soup that is full of chunky good-ness, and can be served as a main dish.
Sopa de pollo con jalapeño y maíz - Una sopa abundante llena de muchas delicias incluyendo maiz dulce y pollo jugoso, que puede servir como plato principal.

Tamale Pie –This budget-friendly Tamale Pie uses turkey to keep the fat in check and is also quick to prepare, delicious, and satisfying.
Torta de tamal - Este Torta de Tamal es rápida de preparar, delicioso y satisfice sus deseos. Aparte es baja en grasa y muy livian en su bolsillo costando muy poco para preparar.

For more healthy recipes, visit our Recipes for Good Health page.

Online tools and resources

American Diabetes Association

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Centers for Disease Control (CDC) - Diabetes

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